The pattern states to turn work on every other row, don't you turn work every row when you knit?
Row 1: K.
Row 2: K 8, sl 1, yf, turn work.
Row 3: Sl 1, k to the end.
Row 4: K 6, sl 1, yf, turn work.
Row 5: Sl 1, k to the end.
Row 6: K 4, sl 1, yf, turn work.
Row 7: Sl 1, k to the end
Thanks for sending in the Question. This type of knitting is called "short row". When doing short row, you don't knit all the way to the end of the row. You turn back and forth depending on the pattern instruction. It purpose is to make certain area increase while keeping the other area neutral. I see a lot of people use this for or shaping garment to make a better fit at bust area. I'm not use to doing a lot of short row but I have done a potato chip scarf that use this short row method. Short row is also great for making ruffle.
You are making a project that look like my potato chip scarf. I will put a video here to show you how I turned my work.
Here is a video performing short row potato chip scarf